Las Vegas Facts

Las Vegas Facts

Located strategically along the major traffic route I25 between Albuquerque and Denver, Las Vegas is at the foot of the southern end of the Rocky Mountains.  Called the “Meadow City” you will find a mixing of old and new cultures in a town that was once the center of business for New Mexico.  Las Vegas is an ideal and most beautiful place in which to live, work and thrive.


Las Vegas has a temperate climate with over 300 days of sunshine a year. Year-round recreational opportunities abound being close to multiple ski areas, golfing, hiking, bicycling and many more outdoor activities await.

The area has a low cost of living and a high quality of life.  Please come visit and enjoy our town with its historical significance.

The population was 14,565 at the 2010 census. Las Vegas, NM is located 110 miles (180 km) south of Raton, New Mexico, 65 miles (105 km) east of Santa Fe, New Mexico, 122 miles (196 km) northeast of Albuquerque, New Mexico, 257 miles (414 km) south of Colorado Springs, Colorado, and 326 miles (525 km) south of Denver, Colorado.  Elevation:  6424 ft. (1958m),

Our History

Las Vegas was established in 1835 after a group of settlers received a land grant from the Mexican government. The town was laid out in the traditional Spanish Colonial style, with a central plaza surrounded by buildings which could serve as fortifications in case of attack. Las Vegas soon prospered as a stop on the Santa Fe Trail. During the Mexican-American War in 1846, Stephen W. Kearny delivered an address at the Plaza of Las Vegas claiming New Mexico for the United States.

A railroad was constructed to the town in 1880. To maintain control of development rights, it established a station and related development one mile (1.6 km) east of the Plaza, creating a separate, rival New Town (as occurred elsewhere in the Old West. (The same competing development occurred in Albuquerque, for instance). During the railroad era Las Vegas boomed, quickly becoming one of the largest cities in the American Southwest. Turn-of-the-century Las Vegas featured all the modern amenities, including an electric street railway, the “Duncan Opera House” at the northeast corner of 6th Street and Douglas Avenue, a Carnegie library, a major Harvey House The Hotel Castañeda, and the New Mexico Normal School (now New Mexico Highlands University). Since the decline and restructuring of the railroad industry began in the 1950s, the city’s population has remained relatively constant.

San Miguel County

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 4,736 square miles (12,265 km²), of which 4,717 square miles (12,217 km²) is land and 19 square miles (48 km²) (0.39%) is water.[3]  As of the 2010 census the population was 29,393.  Its county seat is Las Vegas.

The City of Las Vegas is served by two public school districts.

The City of Las Vegas has two major high schools:

Institutes of Higher Education

  • New Mexico Highlands University
  • Luna Community College
  • United World College

Political Leadership
U.S Senate-Tom Udall
U.S. House of Representatives-Ben Lujan
State of New Mexico Leadership